Give Me a Sign: Artist Research 2

As I have altered my concept, I have decided to conduct new artist research to uncover illustrators/ artists who have created work of 3D form, which could inform the outcome of my new project.

Richard Sweeney

Richard Sweeney was born in Huddersfield in England, 1984.

Sweeney found his natural talent for paper folding and sculpting during his study at Batley school of Art, which he then pursued by studying three dimensional design at Manchester Metropolitan University.

Richard Sweeney’s sculptures are influenced by nature. He takes the form of plants, weather and shapes of nature and manipulates them in order to gain an interesting and abstract form.

Image result for richard sweeney book

I am fortunate enough to own this book written by Sweeney, which contains almost a catalog of his work, along with what inspired each of his paper sculptures to form.

Sweeney’s work appears fascinating, as it has an intricate form with no colour palette, it allows the viewer to fully view and appreciate the manipulation the paper has taken, as well as the clear craftsmanship put into each individual piece.

I would like to play with paper crafts, as I find it fascinating that I could give a new life to my failed 2 dimensional work on paper, and I see this to be a perfect opportunity to experiment with. I would like to experiment with different ways to represent a butterfly through paper craft, as although I believe the butterfly folding I used to be effective, I believe testing a more metaphorical approach to a butterfly could result in a new discovery and more gripping/ interesting form to view in my final show.

Andy Goldsworthy

Andy Goldsworthy was born in 1956 in Chesire, England.

Goldsworthy currently lives and works in Scotland, where he creates land art/ sculptures.

The works that Goldsworthy creates are typically made from bright flowers, leaves, mud, and items found on site of his sculpture.

These 3 dimensional sculptures formed from items found within nature may be something I could experiment with in this project. This due to further pushing the metaphor of re-birth, how twigs that have broken from trees, leaves that have begun decaying, could re-form into something to be viewed and admired by public, where as they would normally be decaying outdoors, un-noticed.

I would most likely not create a large piece, however I could see if there’s a possibility to include another piece to the sequence, this is because although it would not illustrate another part to the story my concept is based upon, it would still relate to the metaphor. It would also give multiple dimensions to my work, seeing as not only would it be displayed on the wall, but also potentially on the floor, or on a podium.

Goldsworthy’s work offers an emotional perspective to viewers, this being to notice the beauty in nature, and that anything can be art. The twisting twigs and slanted stones offers a seemingly natural form to the pieces, although it is clearly done by a sculptor, it almost appears as though it could have raised from the ground, or have occurred through a blessing of nature.

The two forms of 3d art discussed above would be something I would like to explore within my work, although I may not use both for my final outcome, I would like to experiment with them, as they may express my story and metaphors effectively.

Creative Object Research: Commercial Illustrative Objects.

Common items that are sold by illustrators are objects such as:

  • Tote Bag
  • Sketchbooks
  • Note books
  • Pencil Case
  • Coasters
  • Stickers
  • Postcards
  • Badges
  • T-Shirts
  • Stationery (Rulers, erasers, pencils)
  • Posters …etc.

2 examples of successful commercial illustrative objects that I’ve found fellow illustrators selling are:

1: Sketchbooks:

Lana Jay is an illustrator whom I have followed on social media for a considerable amount of time. Whilst following her shop updates, I noticed that the sketchbooks which she was producing for her shop sold out in a matter of days.

The idea of sketchbooks was quite inspiring for me, as it not only shows the work of the artist on the cover, but the public and/or customers are then able to feel inspired to create work of their own.

Taking inspiration from this, I have decided that I would like to create some form of book, or stationery item which motivates the individual with the item to keep creating.

Another item sold by Lana Jay which I have noticed, not just with her, but for many other artists too, is that badges/ pins also tend to sell well.

These pins also sold out within a few days, mainly because of the stunning art work displayed on the pins. I believe this would be a good option to just raise awareness of ADHD (a continuation from my creative conscience project), although, I would much prefer an item which could both raise awareness and have assistance in helping those with the disorder, or those struggling to find motivation.

There are also illustrators such as Polina Bright who gain a large amount of attention from their prints more so than their t-shirts, pins etc.

Although, I think if I were to create prints/ postcards, they wouldn’t serve the main purpose I have in mind for my object any justice, which is to offer help/ motivation to those struggling to find some, and to also help grab the attention of those who may loose focus, by the front cover of the book being bright, which means when it is closed it catches attention.

After I found this information, I decided that I would like to create a notebook that could be turned into alternative products by creating a logo/ emblem for my design.

As I want to raise awareness about ADHD, I decided to create a logo that represented a ‘mind flutter’: the process illustrated through images below show how I ended with my object.

First Person Graphic Novel: Research into Reference.

Fortunately, I have always been quite the secret fan of novels and comics, so hide a small collection where no one can see them. The main reason I have collected comics is simply for the art (and of course the dramatic story lines). This is because I find novels to be one of the best sources of figure/ pose referencing due to the amount of emotions and activities taking place in a single story line.

Marvel has most definitely been one of the pinnacle reasons I became so interested with art, so I intended for this project to almost inform myself of how much marvel and graphic novels have influenced my work.

One thing that definitely struck me when re-visiting these comics is how no one person has worked on these comics. This concerns me due to the clear amount of work that will have to go into this novel. I am unsure what standard it will be up to in order to complete it in time. To explain, in the ‘MS. MARVEL’ comic shown on the far right of the above image, there were 8 people who worked on the final outcome.






STEPHEN SAJDAK: Project Manager

MARK BASSO: Assistant Editor


Above are all the individuals who worked on that single comic. Although would clearly cause some apprehension about approaching the topic, I am also looking forward to it. As it shows I will be dipping in to many different techniques of working within Illustration.

Ms Marvel is my main reference point for this project. This is because I find the imagery to be highly effective and the transition from one image to another to be near flawless, due to the utilisation of each page in the comic:

Blue toned Page from MS. MARVEL comic.

The overlapping borders gives dimension to the page, allowing the user to feel as though they are peering into a place they shouldn’t be… ‘looking beyond the page’ is the common saying. The imagery is also very stylised. Not many comics look like this as the line art is usually more bold, and there is less text. MS. MARVEL comic managed to have an original style, although when it comes to me making my comic, I’d quite like to experiment with a no dialogue comic. To allow the imagery to do all the talking. As the top illustration in the novel page above displayed such strong emotion, I would like each panel to be equally as gripping.

I would also like a consistent colour theme to avoid over-complicating the imagery and therefore loosing the reader’s attention as each page of the MS MARVEL comic has followed a colour scheme. Although the colours may change,the page is consistently following a particular tone:

Pink toned Page from MS. MARVEL Comic.

I would like to try and use this method in my comic to ensure that it contains a style and flow to match that of other novels and therefore fits within it’s community/ format.

Whilst reading through the novel I also found many sound effects. Some written in ways that you would not expect. I would also like to use this in my novel as I enjoyed how it engaged the reader into working out the pronunciation and playing it alongside the image to get a true sense of place and realism.

The typography used in the comic also seems to be quite thematic due to the consistent fonts in dialogue and then different yet still consistent texts used in the sound effects. I will also be taking this tool into my own novel creation.

Constellation: Philosophy of Creativity

Within this session, we looked at the writings by Philosophers Maria Kronfeldner and Margaret Boden. Both papers surround the subject of creativity and what the definition of creativity is, or what it should be.

There were multiple debates held in the class, one regarding if Dr Who Cosplay, a ‘Jackson Pollock like’ Painting, the bombing of Hiroshima or making a cup of tea was a creative process, using the information or suggested elements which forms creativity given by Kronfeldner and Boden.

There was a large amount of controversy surrounding whether or not making a cup of tea was in fact a creative process or not. One member of the study group said that it was, as you are mixing multiple components together to create one single outcome, thus creating an end product, where as other argued against that claim suggesting that it would only be creative if one were to break the common routine of tea making, perhaps by adding some never used before ingredients, such as mixing cucumber and fairy liquid into the tea. Sure it sounds revolting, yet as it has not been done or documented before, it is unknown what the end result would be, making that a creative process as you are stepping outside of the norm and spontaneously adding random flavours or objects even into the tea.

This was an amazing start to the study group as I enjoyed reading both papers and engaging in class discussion surrounding the subject of creativity, and has already given me ideas surrounding the forefront of my essay: what will the future of art hold if computers were to be creative, as I find this possibility to be quite dark, yet it is highly possible to occur as technology is consistently evolving.

I look forward to the future sessions and the opinions that I will learn thus giving me a whole new perspective of what it takes to be a creative artist.

Summer Project: Critique of my own Creations.

Over the Summer holidays we were given an extremely open project: Come up with an enquiry, and fill a sketchbook relating to said enquiry.

At first as the brief was so open, I wasn’t quite sure what approach to take, which lead me into a vicious cycle of choosing topics which didn’t interest me/ wouldn’t fit well with my particular style/ process of curating illustrations. I switched between 3 enquiries. At first I was going to investigate the theory of if all humans really say the same colour, as we are taught to incorporate words with the colours we see, one’s purple could be another person’s yellow, yet both would call it purple, as that is what we have been taught the name of that particular colour we individually see is.

I ended up investigating “if we were not here, what would be?” In which I researched into how humans may have looked if they went through alternative evolution, such as taking more of a lion’s form as they’re just below us in the food chain, or if we would be more like dolphins as they have a very high intelligence. I also questioned the theory of evolution due to the queries brought to conversations through philosopher’s writings. For example, one quote I found was “If we evolved from monkeys, why are there still monkeys?” which launched me further into my investigation.

I found that over my past projects I didn’t focus on research prior to the creation of my final pieces, so wanted to focus on improving my research skills throughout this project. Sadly though, this in turn meant that I was not able to make my own final pieces in time as I focused so strongly on research, although I still found the work I curated to be very insightful to who I am as an Illustrator. I now understand that I like to work in a very descriptive and anatomical way, as I enjoy learning whilst I’m illustrating. Whether it be facts about animals or issues going on in todays society, I enjoy gaining knowledge whilst being creative.

I looked at 3 artists: Dougal Dixon, Liu Xue and Benedetta Bonichi. All of these artists had very different styles, one being a surrealist painter, the other being a sculptor, and the other being an artist/photographer. This also allowed me to explore how I can use those very contrasting styles to influence my own, yet still be recognised as my own work.

To summarise, this summer project has left me being more confident in terms of understanding what my passions are within my practice of illustration, and I managed to gain many more tools which will aid me in this coming year in order to enhance the quality of work which I will produce.

Some pictures of my work are included below:

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My Life as a Spacecraft: Week 5- Essay Planning

This week I collaborated with those in this study group who study the same course as myself in order to communicate the importance of our subject area in the evolution of Space Technology/ Culture.

After hearing the importance of each subject area in terms of Space Culture, we suggested possible essay titles for each other.

I managed to come up with an essay title which I believe could be good to base my essay on. This title is “How would Space Technology/ Culture be Less Advanced Without the use of Illustration?

Possible references that I will use is Hannah Arendts essay “‘The Conquest of Space and the Stature of Man: Has man’s conquest of space increased or diminished his stature?’“,

As well as the following websites:

Dorrance Publishing Company. (2014). Drawing on Success: The Importance of Illustrations – Dorrance Publishing Company. [online] Available at: [Accessed 25 Feb. 2018]. (2018). Illustration. [online] Available at: [Accessed 25 Feb. 2018]. (2018). – The world’s favorite online dictionary!. [online] Available at: [Accessed 25 Feb. 2018].

Dillow, C. (2010). Best Jobs In Science: NASA Concept Illustrators Turn Raw Data Into Art. [online] Popular Science. Available at: [Accessed 25 Feb. 2018].

And the following songs:

Bowie, D. (1971). Life on Mars?. [Online] New York: RCA. Available at:–IqqusnNQ [Accessed 25 Feb. 2018].


Vincent Di Fate, Robert Hurt and Tim Pyle

What I would like to do in my essay:

Shed light on the true importance of illustration in terms of intellectual, design aspects in contrary to the more commonly referred to purpose of illustration, to give visual representation of fictional stories.

Attempt to come up with an argument as to whether or not Space Technology would be less advanced without Illustration, or an argument of whether or not Illustration should be seen as more of a science than that of just an art.

Talk about how Illustration can be done in many forms of art (Music, Art, Performance).

Give respect to particular Illustrators whom have helped the art form be seen as more use than ‘pretty pictures in children’s books’.


“turning invisible light into colors that we can see” (Dillow, 2010)

“Sailors fighting in the dance hall, oh man, look at those cavemen go” (Bowie, 1971)

“An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process” (, 2018)

” For the scientist, man is no more than an observer of the universe in its manifold manifestations”. (Arendt, 1969)


Pyle,T. and Hurt, R. (2018). [Image] Available at:





Animation Project: Zhirenshi: Everyone has their place

This week we experimented with creating animations of our city.

To explain in more detail, we created an animatic in which we tried to relay the purpose/ function/ history of our city within.

As there are only a few members of our group who do animation, us illustrators tried to assist as much as possible. I, for example decided to help with backgrounds of the animations as well as finding sound effects, and creating non moving images that later got animated.

The roles given to the group were as follows:

Samantha Williams – Stop frame animation of train with character inside

Bethan Price – Editor/ opening clip of poster/ static intervals and animator

Amy Grimble – Animation assistant and background artist

Bobbi Coey-Davis – Animation of moving train

Austin Mills – Security watching over the city animation

Stephanie Chu – Design for the score dropping on Doctor Character for helping a low scored patient

Joseff Cox –  Designing farming district character

Rob McClory-  Upper district person punching someone from slums

Sarina Sehjal –  Final digital pieces for speaker and camera animated
Marta Aroba-  Gif of workers in the field

I worked on the background in one of the frames taken from the animation shown below:


I also created an edit of the city emblem for the final scene of the animatic, displayed below, I thought this image was powerful as vandalism of the city emblem shows the utter disrespect and rebellion shown towards the city from the lower class.

I also found links to royalty free sound effects and music to use in the animatic:

Busy street sound effect:

Camera zoom sound effect:

Possible Music:

I also digitised some traditional pieces created by a team member in order for it to be possible to animate the images digitally.

The originals are shown alongside my digitised versions below:


Everyone in the group managed to give some form of input to the creation of the animation. Although there was another member in our group who did not produce any work to assist the group in achieving the objectives. Therefore we did not credit him in the presentation.

The finished animatic is shown below:

I am pleased with the final outcome of the task as the video was of good length and displayed peace and serenity, yet also showed the dramatic twist of the animation contradicting that of which was being spoken over the speakers in the city. That of which being a propaganda speech that Bobbi and Austin wrote from the perspective of the leader of the city. The outcome of the speech was as follows:

“Welcome to Zhirenshi. The city that gives power back to you, the people. Safety, prosperity, equality and freedom for all, are the ideals we have used to forge a path towards a free society. But remember it has not been simple, There are both glorious and tragic pages in our history. But thanks to our social credit system we can now ensure that everyone finds their place. Zhirenshi. By the people. For the people.”

After we had completed the work and received good feedback from our presentation we had to put an exhibition together to display our work. Bethan, Bobbi, Sarina, Austin and I all managed to make it to the area in which our exhibition was located in order to put the work together in a grand display.

Overall, I found this whole module to be thoroughly insightful into how I will have to work in the future and has allowed me to learn my personal strengths and weaknesses when it comes to collaborative work.

My Strengths:

Organisation- I like to make sure everyone understands their assorted jobs and requirements in order to reach the objectives of the task at hand.

Taking charge- If someone happens to not carry out the work they agreed to do, I will make sure that the work is done in order to make sure the outcome is as high of a standard that I can achieve as possible. I also tend to go for the jobs that involve a large amount of work as I know that I will complete it, thus improving the chance of getting an end result of good quality.

Determination- Once I have set myself a goal, I will not stop until I am satisfied that I have achieved it.

Experimental- I found that I am willing to attempt anything that a fellow team member asks of me in order to assist them with their work when I am able. For example in the animation brief I worked with animation software to ensure that I created backgrounds of the correct dimensions, and also worked with new technology (Wacom cintiq’s) to make sure the result fitted in with the work that was already done by the original member who requested some form of assistance.

My Weaknesses:

Perfectionism- I will tend to get carried away working on a single item of work until I am completely satisfied where it is not always required.

Taking too many jobs on- As I said in my strengths, I do anything to assist someone who requests for it, although I will end up putting too much stress on myself as I am helping multiple other people with their

Reflection on group:

Personally, I believe that those who put effort into this module worked sufficiently well in this group, although we were faced with the issue of 3 members of our team producing next to no work in this project. We also attempted to talk to these members multiple times and only got a little result, that being that two of the three team mates managed to contribute work in the final animation project. The other group member did not end up producing any work to contribute to the collaborative module, although I ensured the notify a lecturer in charge of the module to inform them of this issue, and was informed that they understand the problem at hand.

Overall it was an informative experience to be able to have an accurate insight of what getting a job in the future would be like and how to achieve strong results with a group, even if you are faced with obstacles.



Week 3 – My Life as a Spacecraft: Technology Experience

This week we began the session by reading into deeper meanings behind an internet browser page, which happened to be on YouTube playing a space themed music playlist.

I worked with other members of my study group whom were located around my table to read into the browser page as much as possible.

We analysed multiple aspects of the web page, such as the music video as well as the layout of the browser page itself.

From reading into the browser page we managed to ask ourselves questions which further improved our web page analysis, for example:

  • Who made YouTube?
  • Where was it made?
  • When was it made?
  • How did they get the idea?
  • Who made the world wide web?
  • Why was the world wide web made?
  • What is the world wide web used for nowadays?

After doing this opening exercise, we went on to look at live footage from the first moon landing. Whilst doing this we did our best to transcript who and what we heard in the footage as we later had to decide who was going to play what character in a reenactment.

I was in a group with 3 other people. 1 played Neil Armstrong, 1 played Buzz Aldrin, and the other played NASA operator. As all the major roles were taken I decided to take a somewhat comical approach to the situation by envisioning myself as the machine “beeps” coming from the control panel inside the space shuttle, as well as the crackles coming over the radio used between the astronauts and those at the NASA base.

I then decided to write about the landing from the perspective as the “beeps” and crackles.

I achieved the following output:

We’re getting close, I can feel my engine slowly shutting down; I fear for those on board, what if we don’t make it in time? “Beep beep” I warn them.

They continue to descend to the white powdery mini planet, commonly referred to by Earth people as ‘the moon’.

They continue to alter their angle of descent, the tension is immense. 30 seconds of fuel are left. “BEEP BEEP” I desperately tell them.

The NASA man keeps radioing through to the Earth people flying this machine. I let them know my presence to make sure they know there’s danger “kkkzzzzk” I go between each sentence shared between the people.

15 seconds of fuel remains. I make my final attempt to make them understand “BEEP BEEP, BEEP BEEP!”. The astronauts are calm. Suddenly we make contact with the rocky surface. We made it. I decide one more beep is in order to celebrate. “Beep”. I am filled with relief and delight. It was a mission success. “Kzzzk” I let out in joy.

We later looked at the opening scene of a film called ‘A Space Odyssey’.

What is the meaning behind the opening scene of 2001: A Space Odyssey?

It begins with early humans being dominated and controlled by their environment. They huddle in fear at night; they eat plants and are not willing to fight for survival against intruders.

Then the monolith comes and sparks some change in the minds of the early humans. They learn aggression and to strike out using simple tools, more specifically, using bones from a dead creature as tools to cause harm. This aggression allows them to start controlling their environment rather than being dominated by it, and they learn to kill in order to eat and survive.

The film cuts from the image of the bone hurtling in the sky to an image of a satellite in space, in order to simply demonstrate that mankind’s aggression and control over their environment in the earliest days was the spark that led us into space. There was no need to show scenes of humans developing the wheel, and then having wars, on and on — that simple edit from the bone to the satellite condensed the entire story into a single scene.

What is the importance in the opening of 2001: A Space Odyssey?

Personally, I believe that the opening of A Space Odyssey depicts that of evolution. Not just that of the aesthetics area, but that of knowledge and functioning also. It is crucial to have an understanding of evolution as we are continuously changing/ adapting to meet new standards, thus to put in a scientific term, evolving as the human species.

It also displays a strong message of the development of Space Technology. As I believe that the opening also shows how man has thought of travelling to space from the dawn of time; how did I come to this possible deeper meaning? Well, the cut from the scene in which the ape discovers the use of tools (by swinging the bone) to the satellite in the sky, in which the transition is the bone evolving into the satellite itself. This shows how thoughts and original ideas can become that of a outstanding, highly conceptual creation.

My Images for presentation:


Hannah Arednt: The Conquest of Space and the Stature of Man – Sentence analysis

1.) What was said?

“Has man’s conquest of space increased or diminished his stature?”

What does she mean?

In this opening sentence, Arendt asks a rheotorical question. That question of which is asking if our journeys/ adventures into space has made us humans/ laymen any more powerful.

2.) What was said?

“For the scientist, man is no more than an observer of the universe in its manifold manifestations.”

What does she mean?

In this sentence, Arendt is stating that it is possible that scientists believe that human’s soul purpose of existence is to watch the universe and try to gain as much understanding of it as possible.

3.) What was said?

“The goal of modern science, which eventually and quite literally has led us to the moon, is no longer “to augment and order” human experiences; it is much rather to discover what lies behind natural phenomena as they reveal themselves to the senses and the mind of man”

What does she mean?

In this statement, I believe Arendt is trying to explain that science is no longer competition amongst us humans, it is instead to understand the reasoning as to why such elements exist. For example, ‘The race to Space’ was competition between America and Russia to aim to be the first country to land a representative on the moon was done primarily to show which country was best, Although now it is done to help gain more evidence/ materials to gain more knowledge to the universe’s existence.

4.) What was said?

“The scientist has not only left behind the layman with his limited understanding; he has left behind a part of himself and his own power of understanding, which is still human understanding, when he goes to work in the laboratory and begins to communicate in mathematical language.

What does she mean?

In this sentence, Arednt is saying that scientists have left us layman (non-scientists) with only general knowledge regarding the universe, but he has also left a part of innocence/ naievness when he goes to conduct further research into studies of the universe.

What is odd about this sentence is the fact that she regards the scientist as “he/ him”, which could be regarded as Arendt stating that scientists tend to be of the male gender.

5.) What was said?

“It is, I think, safe to say that nothing was more alien to the minds of the scientists, who brought about the most radical and most rapid revolutionary process the world has ever seen, than any will to power”

What does she mean?

In this, Arendt is saying that scientists didn’t expect that what they brought to this world would change the world so dramatically, more than any other super power would be capable of, meaning that scientists themselves have had more of an impact in the way that the layman’s mind has evolved over any high powered figure.

6.) What was said?

“The sad truth of the matter, however, is that the lost contact between the world of the senses and appearances and the physical world view had been re-established not by the pure scientists but by the ‘Plumber’.”

What does she mean?

What Arendt is saying in this is that the scientists are just there to observe and discover whereas the actual physical appearance isn’t changed by them, it’s changed by the people that aren’t as focused on discovering but more so the ‘finding out’.

7.) What was said?

“The very integrity of science demands that not only utilitarian considerations but the reflection upon the stature of man as well be left in abeyance.”

What does she mean?

What Arendt is saying in this sentence in order to prevent possible change/ rebellion amongst the layman, scientists should not speak about practical work or the importance us humans have in the universe, thus keeping the layman in the shadows, although this is not a bad thing, as it is purely done out of safety for us.

8.) What was said?

“For the conquest of space, the search for a point outside the earth from which it would be possible to move, to unhinge, as it were, the planet itself, is no accidental result of the modern age’s science.”

What does she mean?

The scientists would have known what they were looking for before they started looking, in that the result of modern science’s understanding on the universe didn’t happen by accident.

9.) What was said?

“We have come to a present capacity to “conquer space” through our new ability to handle nature from a point in the universe outside the Earth”.

What does she mean?

The ability to now go into space leaves for further exploration meaning that until we actually explore further we cannot physically conquer anything else.

10.) What was said?

“The conquest of space and the science that made it possible have come perilously close to this point. If they ever should reach it in earnest the stature of man would not simply be lowered by all standards we know of, but have been destroyed”

What does she mean?

What Arendt is saying is that through the conquest of space in the development of getting there, there is potential for development in other areas such as nuclear weapons which could then instead of making man powerful it could end us all.

Week 2 – My Life as a Spacecraft

In this week’s session of constellation, we began by delving into the importance of correct Harvard referencing within serious documents such as essays, articles and books.

I was paired up with those sat around me to attempt to reference different formats of written documents. After successfully referencing multiple books, it was time to discuss a more serious, historical, disastrous event, that being the Challenger accident.

In more detail, we began by observing a documentary peering into the evening before the Challenger launch in 1986, in which a plea was made from multiple engineers to abort the launch of the Space Craft in a tense meeting with NASA representatives, as when tests were ran on the O-rings used in the construction of the spacecraft, it was shown that at a specific temperature they were deteriorating/ slowly eroding, which would in turn leave the spacecraft in a highly dangerous state, which could result in mission failure, in addition to this, it would be endangering the lives of seven astronauts who were to be on board the craft. Although, even though the evidence provided in the tests displayed that launching the challenger would be a large risk, the manager seemed to disregard the data, as the results shown were not totally conclusive. Because of this decided to go through with the launch, which in turn failed and ended the lives of seven astronauts.

Whilst watching the documentary, I put myself in the engineers shoes and thought up possible questions they were asking whilst this meeting was taking place. These were:

  • Why don’t they understand the risks?
  • Why are they disregarding the evidence, surely it’s enough to say there’s not absolute certainty?
  • Why are they allowing the potential end of 7 innocent lives?
  • Why are their views more important than mine?
  • What is the public going to think of us when this goes wrong?
  • What about the astronauts families?
  • Do they care more about the money than the lives of those involved?

We then viewed the footage of the challenger explosion, which struck me emotionally, as you could see the disappointment in the reporters face and in turn his commentary of the event. This footage shocked me as I had not before heard of this historical event, which has led me to wish to know more about space crafts and the history of space technology.

After watching the video I recorded my immediate thoughts.

“Watching the challenger explode a minute into flight filled me with shock and disgust due to how violent it was.

The fact that the launch was not guaranteed to go well in the fist place yet was still given the go ahead by an individual makes me outraged, as that individual caused the death of the astronauts aboard.

I am also filled with empathy for the reporter as he had to continue with the broadcast after witnessing the first ever spacecraft explosion.”

This topic has enlightened me with more ideas into how each mission is ran/ allowed me to see how just a few opinions can lead to something disastrous. It has also led me to be curious into how space technology works, how engineers run their tests, record their data and more.

We happened to do an exercise in this session in which we worked together as a class to reach the possible order in which science takes place.

This brings me to my next topic of discussion… What is Science?

Well, according to the Oxford Dictionary, science is “the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment”; or to put in to layman terms, science is a vital process/ topic in which through observation and experimentation our knowledge and understanding of the physical and behavioural elements of the world continues to extend to a vast amount.

Science has allowed us as humans to understand the life cycle for non human living organisms, the origination of non human matter, and elements that extend beyond this planet/ galaxy, as well as introducing us to theories such as Newton’s third law and gravity.

Thanks to the discoveries that science has allowed us to achieve, quality in human life has been able to improve since the beginning of time, for example, science has allowed us to find out what to eat/ do to stay healthy, and what not to do. It has also found cures to illnesses to give people a second opportunity at life.

Science has also allowed technology to constantly be changing and advancing in its functions, thus allowing us to conduct more research/ experiments. Therefore, I suppose you could say that science is in a continual loop, expanding technology so it may expand it’s use of technology in experiments.

Is Science crucial to human life? Well to put it simply, yes. Without science there would be no evolution of human understanding of how to behave, or how to function. It is thanks to science that nowadays, we, the layman are able to survive without accidentally severely injuring/ poisoning ones self (unless of unpredictable circumstances), thus allowing us to live longer, healthier, prosperous lifestyles than those of history.

As time progresses and our understanding of the universe grows, our experience of life will continue to change/ adapt to new discoveries.

What is experience you may ask? Well, experience is something that differs from each individual’s perspective. To some it could be work experience, where you have learnt how you should function in a professional environment by placing yourself in that setting, to others it could be and event unfolding in front of their eyes, such as witnessing a proposal, or watching the first moon landing.

Experience, I suppose, is an event or occurrence in your life that effects your thought process/ emotions, or leaves some sort of lasting impression on ones self.

Overall, this session was highly informative regarding the topic of how space shuttle disasters occur, it was also emotional as we were able to put ourselves in the shoes of those involved and imagined what it was like to experience that shocking event.



Collaboration Week 2: Illustration Project

To begin this project, we began by having a group discussion on how the city would work in terms of specific members of the Zhirenshi civilisation.

Sam Williams first came in with a possible background story to 2 characters which explains not just the way the city functions, but also the idea of rebellion amongst the city.

Once this initial idea was made, we managed to branch off and come up with more details/ in depth background stories to characters which we believed would be intriguing.

Once we discussed what characters we would illustrate we gave people their own roles, shown below.

I volunteered to work on the leader of the resistance as I believed he had a strong role in the story of rebellion of the city, and felt like I had a strong idea of how the character should appear.

I went on to create the following images of the leader:

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Bethan Price and I decided to then create the presentation to display the characters made by the members of the group, shown on this link:

I found this project to be fun as I was in my realm of illustrating, which is where I feel most comfortable and was able to take a good amount of control over the group to ensure as much work was produced as possible.

The following is the rest of the work produced by fellow team members:

Samantha: Elderly couple

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Sarina: Leader of the city

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Austin: Security Guard

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Steph: Sympathetic Doctor

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Bobbi and Rob: Background Characters

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Bethan: People from the Slums

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I am also pleased with the quality of work produced as we managed to create interesting characters and managed to share a good amount of information about each character in the presentation.


The only issue I had in this project was the fact that 3 members from the group did not give any input to the creation of the characters in the city. We have talked to these group members after the presentation and they understand that they have to get more involved in the next project.

I am looking forward to starting the last and final topic of this collaboration module: Animation, as I have always been curious as to how animation works so will be able to see first hand and learn how to assist in animation.